write5: Different types of groups prefer specific styles of leadership.

write5: Different types of groups prefer specific styles of leadership.

1: Leadership can be defined as a complex process by which an individual sets direction and influences others to accomplish a mission, task, or objective, and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent A: TRUE B: FALSE 2: A leader is a person who directs the work of employees and is responsible for results. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 3: Management and leadership are both necessary for an organization to achieve its goals. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 4: According to Lewin’s behavioral research, which type of leadership style is demonstrated when the leader offers guidance and encourages participation to group members? A: Authoritarian B: Democratic C: Laissez-faire 5: Different types of groups prefer specific styles of leadership. [http://www.bezern.com/] Members’ preference would be based on the leadership style they perceived as right or natural due to their personal socialization process. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 6: Under the great person theory, many believed that individuals are born with leadership traits. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 7: Despite the difficulties in linking traits to successful leaders, evidence does reveal that many successful leaders share which of the following basic traits: A: Intelligence B: Achievement drive C: Employee centeredness D: All of the above 8: A recent study of successful business leaders found that they shared the following traits: drive, honesty and integrity, leadership motivation, self-confidence, cognitive ability, knowledge of the business, creativity and flexibility. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 9: A weakness noted in the Ohio State studies was that situational factors were absent from the research. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 10: The Ohio State study identified which two dimensions of leadership: A: Intelligence and capacity B: Intrinsic value and cooperation C: Consideration and initiating structure D: Emotional attachment and resource allocation 11: The University of Michigan studies attempted to determine the most effective style of leadership: an employee-centered focus or a production-centered focus. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 12: One noted weakness of Blake and Mouton’s Managerial Grid is that it fails to provide a manager with a conceptual assessment as to what his or her current leadership style is. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: TRUE B: FALSE 13: Blake and Mouton’s Managerial Grid includes each of the following specific leadership positions except: A: Impoverished manager B: Ideal manager C: Middle-of-the-Road manager D: Consistent manager E: Task manager 14: The ________________ manager exercises minimal effort on getting the task accomplished, doing only that amount of work that is required to sustain his or per position within the organization. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: Impoverished B: Ideal C: Middle-of-the-Road D: Country club E: Task 15: The _______________ manager balances the concern for task and the concern for people in an effort to boost morale and satisfaction. [http://www.bezern.com/] A: Impoverished B: Ideal C: Middle-of-the-Road D: Country club E: Task 16: Although one would not want to diminish the importance of the early leadership research efforts, the questionable reliability and disputed validity of these efforts may be attributed to the absence of a single important dimension known as the contingency factor A: TRUE B: FALSE

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